A mine site typically contains a complex water system, particularly when a concentrator is included.
Acid Mine Drainage Treatment
Acid mine drainage (AMD) or Acid Rock Drainage (ARD) is a common problem when mining sulphide ores.
Sulphate and TDS Treatment
Total dissolved solids (TDS) and particularly high sulphate concentrations are an on-going challenge for the mining industry.
Treatment of Metalloids
Arsenic (As), molybdenum (Mo), antimony (Sn), and selenium (Se), are metalloid contaminants found at some mine sites that must be treated to meet strict environmental standards.
Cyanide concentrations can be problematic particularly for gold mining operations.
Total Suspended Solids
In exploration, construction, and some mines (particularly iron mining) the main challenge is removal of total suspended solids from surface water.